Taking care of your feet early in your childhood and young adulthood are a key to preventing bunions later in life.  Not wearing high heels or ill fitting shoes for long periods of time is the best way to prevent this condition.  However if you find yourself slowly starting to develop a bunion, there are several things you can do to prevent the condition from getting worse and possibly to correct it.

Eliminate Poor Fitting Footwear
This is the first and most obvious step in preventing your condition from worsening.  Start to wear wider shoes with plenty of toe room and avoid activities that cause pain to your bunion.  Don’t wear high heels, or at least opt for a lower heel shoe with plenty of toe room.  If you work at a job that requires you to be on your feet all day, purchase arch support inserts and take sitting breaks frequently and remove your shoes.  Functional orthotic devices can be worn inside that improve stability, reduce abnormal compensations and eliminate joint pain.  As stated in the previous page, hyperpronation can be corrected by these inserts or by wearing shoes with proper arch support.

Avoid Running For Now
Running is a great form of cardiovascular exercise, but if done with a bunion and without the proper footwear, it can make a bunion worse and more painful.  Try low impact exercise, including Pilates, yoga, biking, weightlifting and swimming. If you choose to practice running, try to wear an orthotic which can compensate for bone deformity and absorb the shock of impact.

Wear A Bunion Splint

A Bunion Night Splint
If worn continuously, a bunion night splint will eventuall correct the alignment of the big toe.

A bunion splint works by forcing the big toe back into realignment.  It helps by stabilizing the foot, fixing the incorrect placing of the toe and by increasing the flexibility of the big toe. It also decreases the strain on the other toes and allows them to extend comfortably inside a shoe.  There are many types of splints.  Some splints are designed to be worn inside shoes, some are foam inserts placed between the big toe and second toe and a bunion night splint is designed to be worn over night.  Most also incorporate bunion pads to further reduce pain and rubbing of the bone.  Depending on your preference, a bunion night splint might be a good choice because you won’t have to worry about fitting them inside a shoe.  Over time, wearing a bunion splint may correct and prevent any further bunion development and alleviate pain.

Bunion Exercises
Several special foot exercises can relieve symptoms and increase flexibility.  Doing these can help slow the progression of a bunion.  Foot exercises and toe stretches for bunions can help keep the joint between your big toe and the rest of your foot mobile, maintaining flexibility and strengthening the muscles that control your big toe. (view some bunion exercises)

If you follow these steps in bunion prevention and bunion correction, you may be able to avoid bunion surgery in the long run.

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